About IIT Institute - Indian Institutes of Technology

The Indian Institutes of Technology (popularly known as the IITs Institute) are institutions of national importance established through an Act of Parliament for fostering excellence in education. There are fifteen IITs at present, located in Bhubaneswar, Bombay (Mumbai), Delhi, Gandhinagar, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Indore, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras (Chennai), Mandi, Patna, Ropar, Jodhpur and Roorkee. Over the years IITs have created world class educational platforms dynamically sustained through internationally recognized research based on excellent infrastructural facilities. The faculty and alumni of IITs continue making a huge impact in all sectors of society, both in India and abroad. Banaras Hindu University (IT-BHU, now known as IIT-BHU since 2012), Varanasi and Indian School of Mines (ISM), Dhanbad, are amongst the oldest institutions in India and are known for their immense contributions towards society at large and for science and technology in particular.

IIT Institute

The primary objectives behind such institutions are to:
• Build a solid foundation of scientific and technical knowledge and thus to prepare competent and motivated engineers and scientists.
• Create environment for freedom of thought, cultivate vision, encourage growth, develop personality and self- discipline for pursuit of excellence.
• Kindle entrepreneurial streak.

All of the above help to prepare the students admitted to these institutions for successful professional and social lives. Today, alumni of these institutions occupy key positions in industry and academia in India and abroad.
Each institute has well-equipped modern laboratories, a state-of-the-art computer network and well stocked technical library. Teaching methods rely on direct personal contact between the teachers and the students and the use of traditional and modern instructional techniques. Students live in a pleasant and intellectually stimulating environment with people having similar goals and aspirations, which is an exciting and unique experience.
Credit-based academic programmes offer flexibility to students to progress at their own pace. A minimum level of performance is necessary for satisfactory progress. The medium of instruction is English. These institutions offer courses leading to a Bachelor’s degree in a number of engineering, technological and scientific disciplines. M.Sc. Integrated courses in pure and applied sciences and M.Tech. Integrated courses in a few disciplines are also offered by some of these Institutions. In addition, some IITs offer Dual-Degree M.Tech. programmes. The admissions to the Undergraduate Programmes at these institutions for all Indian and Foreign nationals are made through the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE).
IIT Bhuvaneshwar, IIT Gandhinagar, IIT Hyderabad, IIT Rajasthan, IIT Patna, IIT Punjab joined the elite list of the below seven premier IIT institute of the country and started operations in the year 2008. IIT Indore, IIT Mandi commenced their operations from the academic year 2009-2010.

IIT Institute and details

No.NameAbbreviationFoundedEstablished as IITState/UT
1IIT MadrasIITM19591959Tamil Nadu
2IIT BombayIITB19581958Maharashtra
3IIT KharagpurIITKGP19511951West Bengal
4IIT KanpurIITK19591959Uttar Pradesh
5IIT DelhiIITD19611961Delhi
6IIT GuwahatiIITG19941994Assam
7IIT RoorkeeIITR18472001[8]Uttarakhand
8IIT RoparIITRPR20082008Punjab
9IIT BhubaneswarIITBBS20082008Odisha
10IIT GandhinagarIITGN20082008Gujarat
11IIT HyderabadIITH20082008Telangana
12IIT JodhpurIITJ20082008Rajasthan
13IIT PatnaIITP20082008Bihar
14IIT IndoreIITI20092008Madhya Pradesh
15IIT MandiIITMandi20092008Himachal Pradesh
16IIT (BHU) VaranasiIIT (BHU)19192012Uttar Pradesh
17IIT PalakkadIITPKD20152015Kerala
18IIT TirupatiIITTP20152015Andhra Pradesh
19IIT (ISM) DhanbadIIT (ISM)19262016Jharkhand
20IIT BhilaiIITBH20162016Chhattisgarh
21IIT JammuIITJMU20162016Jammu and Kashmir
22IIT GoaIITGOA20162016Goa
23IIT DharwadIITDH20162016Karnataka

IIT Kharagpur

IIT Kharagpur: The first Indian IIT Institute, it was found in May 1950 in Hijli, Kharagpur, in the eastern part of India. The present name, the Indian Institute of technology was adopted before the formal inauguration of the institute on August 18, 1951, by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. The layout of the present campus is 2100 acres and the design of the building was carried out by a host of engineers and architects under the guidance of an eminent Swiss architect Dr. Werner M.Mosir. (http://www.iitkgp.ac.in/)

IIT Bombay

IIT Bombay: Since 1958, there has been dynamic progress at IIT Bombay in all academic and research activities, and a parallel improvement in facilities and infrastructure, to keep it at par with the best IIT institute in the world. IIT Bombay is a small township in itself. Consciously developed, the campus has retained and increased its green cover, rich natural flora and fauna.(http://www.iitb.ac.in/)

IIT Kanpur

IIT Kanpur: IIT Kanpur is one of the premier IIT institute established by the Government of India. The aim of the Institute is to provide meaningful education, to conduct original research of the highest standard and to provide leadership in technological innovation for the industrial growth of the country. With the path-breaking innovations both in its curriculum and research, the institute is rapidly gaining a legendary reputation. (http://www.iitk.ac.in/)

IIT Madras

IIT Madras: Established in the year 1959, it was the third in the line of Indian Institute of Technology setup for higher technical education in the country. The IITMadras, is among the foremost institutes of national importance in higher technological education and in basic and applied research. Institute’s self-contained campus is located in beautiful, wooded land of about 250 hectares in south Chennai. (http://www.iitm.ac.in/)


IIT Delhi

IIT Delhi: IIT Delhi is one of the seven IIT institute created as centers of excellence for higher training, research and development in science, engineering and technology in India. Established as College of Engineering in 1961, the institute was later renamed “Indian Institute of Technology Delhi”. It was then accorded the status of a deemed university with powers to decide its own academic policy, to conduct its own examinations and to award its own degrees.(http://www.iitd.ac.in/)

IIT Guwahati

IIT Guwahati: Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, the 6th member of the IIT institute fraternity, was established in 1994. The academic programme of IIT Guwahati commenced in 1995. IIT Guwahati’s campus is on a sprawling 285 hectares plot of land on the north bank of the river Brahmaputra around 20 kms. from the heart of the city. With the majestic Brahmaputra on one side, and with hills and vast open spaces on others, the campus provides an ideal setting for learning. (http://www.iitg.ac.in/)


IIT Roorkee

IIT Roorkee: The IIT institute which began as the Thompson College of Civil Engineering in 1847, became the University of Roorkee in 1949 and has been declared as the 7th Indian Institute of Technology in 2001. IIT Roorkee is spread over a sprawling area of more than 150 hectares and is situated in the newly formed state of Uttaranchal in the northern part of India. (http://www.iitr.ac.in/)


IIT-BHU: IT-BHU is the Engineering School of Banaras Hindu University (BHU). BHU is one of the oldest and largest educational institutions in Northern India. It was formerly known as BENCO (Banaras Engineering College) and celebrated its Platinum Jubilee in 1994. It is located on the banks of the river Ganga in the holy city of Varanasi (Banaras), Uttar Pradesh. (http://www.iitbhu.ac.in/)


IIT Dhanbad

IIT Dhanbad: The Indian School of Mines was formally opened on 9th December 1926. the development of ISM for the last 75 years has been taking place both vertically and horizontally and it became a Deemed University in 1967. (https://www.iitism.ac.in/)

IIT Hyderabad

IIT Hyderabad is one among the 2nd generation of IIT institute started by the Govt. of India. Today IITH offers 9 B.Tech programs, 16 M.Tech programs, 3 M.Sc programs, 5 M.Phil programs, 1 M.Des program and Ph.D. programs in all branches of engineering, science, liberal arts and design. The very foundation of IIT Hyderabad is based on research and innovation. The vibrant research culture is evident from the number of patents and publications that IITH has. (https://www.iith.ac.in/)


IIT Indore

Indian Institute of Technology Indore (IIT Indore or IITI), located in Madhya Pradesh, is one of the Institutes of Technology established by the Government of India in 2009. IIT Indore offers a 4-year Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) programmes in several engineering fields. Admission to these programmes is through the Indian Institute of Technology Joint Entrance Examination (IIT-JEE), and students are admitted after completing 10+2 schooling. IIT Indore was ranked 14 among engineering colleges in India by the National Institutional Ranking Framework in 2018(http://www.iiti.ac.in/)

IIT Bhubaneswar

Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar (IIT Bhubaneswar or IIT BBS) is a public engineering institution established by the government of India in 2008, located at Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. IIT institute Bhubaneswar offers undergraduate degrees in six technical disciplines and integrated five year programs for undergraduate students leading to M. Tech degrees. Institute offers Joint M.Tech . – Ph.D. programs in all its schools except for the Schools of Basic Sciences and Humanities, Social Sciences & Management. Institute has been admitting students into Ph.D. programs since 2009.(http://www.iitbbs.ac.in/)


IIT Ropar

Indian Institute of Technology, Ropar is one of the eight new IIT institute set up by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India, to expand the reach and enhance the quality of technical education in the country. This institute is committed to providing state-of-the-art technical education in a variety of fields and also for facilitating transmission of knowledge in keeping with latest developments in pedagogy. At present, the institute offers Bachelor of Technology (B. Tech.) programme in the following disciplines: Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Computer Science and Engineering, Electrical Engineering, and Mechanical Engineering.(http://www.iitrpr.ac.in/)

IIT Patna

The Indian Institute of Technology Patna (abbreviated IIT Patna or IITP) is an autonomous IIT institute of education and research in science, engineering and technology located in Patna established by an Act of the Indian Parliament on August 06, 2008. IIT Patna has ten departments: These are Computer Science & Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Civil & Environmental Engineering, Materials Science & Engineering, Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics and Humanities & Social Science departments.(https://www.iitp.ac.in/)


IIT Gandhinagar

The Indian Institute of Technology Gandhinagar strives to offer the best undergraduate and graduate education in India with unmatched innovations in curriculum. IIT institute Gandhinagar was founded in 2008 and is located in Palaj, Gandhinagar, Gujarat on the banks of river Sabarmati. IIT Gandhinagar offers BTech and MTech programmes in Chemical, Civil, Electrical, Mechanical and Materials Science and Engineering and also offers MSc programmes in Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and Cognitive Science.(https://www.iitgn.ac.in/)

IIT Mandi

Indian Institute of Technology Mandi (IIT Mandi) is an autonomous engineering and technology university located in Mandi, Himachal Pradesh. IIT Mandi like all other Indian Institutes of Technology, conducts various programs including bachelor’s degree in Technology (B.Tech.). It also offers postgraduate level programs like Master of Science and Master of Science(Research). Further, it also offers a Ph.D. program for cutting edge research in basics sciences such as chemical sciences, physical sciences as well as in disciplines of engineering.(http://www.iitmandi.ac.in/)


IIT Jodhpur

The Indian Institute of Technology Jodhpur (IIT Jodhpur or IITJ), is a public university located in Jodhpur in the state of Rajasthan in India. Indian Institute of Technology Jodhpur was ranked 54 among engineering colleges by the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) in 2018. The Institute Promotes technology thought and action, and prepares needed technical human resources to meet the technology challenges of the nation.(http://www.iitj.ac.in/)

IIT Palakkad

Indian Institute of Technology Palakkad is a public autonomous engineering and research institute located in Palakkad, Kerala. It is one of the five new IITs proposed in the 2014 Union budget of India. IIT Palakkad currently offers four-year Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) and two years MS programmes in different engineering disciplines. Similar to the other IITs, admission to undergraduate programmes based on qualification through the Indian Institute of Technology Joint Entrance Examination (IIT-JEE). In addition to that, Ph.D programme is also offered in all the disciplines of Science and Engineering.(https://iitpkd.ac.in/)


IIT Tirupati

Indian Institute of Technology Tirupati (IIT Tirupati, IITT) is an autonomous engineering and technology education institute located in Tirupati. IIT Tirupati offers a 4-year Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) along with 2-years Master of Science (M.S.), Master of Technology (M.Tech) & Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) programmes in several engineering fields . Admission to these programmes is through the Indian Institute of Technology Joint Entrance Examination (IIT-JEE-Advanced), and students are admitted after completing 10+2 schooling.(https://iittp.ac.in/)

IIT Bhilai

The Indian Institute of Technology Bhilai (IIT Bhilai) is a public institute destined to be located in Bhilai, Chhattisgarh, India. It is one of the six new IITs established by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India, located in Chhattisgarh state. IIT Bhilai is currently offering four-year B.Tech., two-year M.Sc., two-year M.Tech and PhD degree programs.(https://www.iitbhilai.ac.in/)


IIT Jammu

The Indian Institute of Technology Jammu (abbreviated IIT Jammu) is a public research university located in Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India. IIT Jammu admitted the first batch of 82 bright students in August 2016 at a Temporary campus in Paloura, Jammu. The initial intake of students in the first year 2016 was 90 students, 30 each in Computer Science and Engineering, Electrical Engineering and Mechanical Engineering discipline.(https://www.iitjammu.ac.in/)

IIT Dharwad

Indian Institute of Technology Dharwad (IIT Dharwad) is an autonomous premier Science and Technology Institute established by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India in 2016 under the mentorship of IIT Bombay. Academic activities at IIT Dharwad commenced in July 2016 with B.Tech course being offered in three core branches, namely, Computer Science, Electrical Engineering and Mechanical Engineering. The current intake at the institute stands at 40 students in each of the specializations. PhD program commenced from January 2018 session. Soon Masters programs will also be offered.(http://www.iitdh.ac.in/)


In the year 2021, only 17 of 23 IITs participated in the NIRF ranking. The IIT rankings 2021 is tabulated below:

IIT RankingIIT CollegeNIRF ScoreOverall NIRF Ranking
1Indian Institute of Technology Madras90.191
2Indian Institute of Technology Delhi88.082
3Indian Institute of Technology Bombay85.163
4Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur83.224
5Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur82.035
6Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee78.086
7Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati73.847
8Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad68.698
9Indian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines) Jharkhand64.0711
10Indian Institute of Technology Indore62.5613
11Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University) Varanasi62.1814
12Indian Institute of Technology Ropar58.0919
13Indian Institute of Technology Patna57.3821
14Indian Institute of Technology Gandhinagar56.8622
15Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar55.7128
16Indian Institute of Technology Mandi52.5841
17Indian Institute of Technology Jodhpur51.5643

IIT Rankings 2022 – Note
There are a couple of things that a student must understand when viewing these NIRF rankings of IITs by MHRD.
1. The rankings 1 to 4 interchange very frequently. They are so close to each other in quality that it doesn’t really matter. However, most consider IIT Bombay to have greater brand value. It is also more accessible, hence, the top rankers prefer IIT Bombay over Kharagpur.
2. IIT Guwahati has a high ranking as it has recently won accolades such as world rank 87 for universities under the age of 50 by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, and is the first Indian university to make this list. However, the rankings from 6-9 are also very very close to each other, and hence the exact order does not matter between IITs ranked 6-9.

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